SURREALISM


Salvador Dali (May 11, 1904 – January 23, 1989),

Salvador Dali (May 11, 1904 – January 23, 1989),

 

Surrealism: Surrealism originated in the late 1910s and early ’20s as a literary movement that experimented with a new mode of expression called automatic writing, or automatism, which sought to release the unbridled imagination of the subconscious. Officially consecrated in Paris in 1924 with the publication of the Manifesto of Surrealism by the poet and critic André Breton (1896–1966), Surrealism became an international intellectual and political movement.

In it, he defined Surrealism as “Psychic automatism in its pure state, by which one proposes to express – verbally, by means of the written word, or in any other manner – the actual functioning of thought.” In this, he proposed that artists should seek access to their unconscious mind in order to make art inspired by this realm.

Surrealism originated in the late 1910s and early ’20s as a literary movement that experimented with a new mode of expression called automatic writing, or automatism, which sought to release the unbridled imagination of the subconscious. Officially consecrated in Paris in 1924 with the publication of the Manifesto of Surrealism by the poet and critic André Breton (1896–1966), Surrealism became an international intellectual and political movement.

Surrealist works feature the element of surprise, unexpected Juxtapositions ( the act or placement of two things (usually abstract concepts) near each other). and things that doesn’t make sense or doesn’t belong with the rest of the painting ; however, many Surrealist artists and writers regard their work as an expression of the philosophical movement first and foremost, with the works being an artefact.

Key artists of this style are  Giorgio de Chirico, Max Ernst, Francis Picabia, Salvador Dali