Background: Peter Nicolai Arbo was born on June 18, 1831 in Gulskogen, a borough in Dramnen, Norway. Arbo was a historical painter, who specialized in painting motifs from Norwegian history and images from Norse Mythology. He is above all noted for Åsgardsreien, a dramatic motif based on a Norwegian folk legend and Valkyrie, which depicts a female figure from Norse mythology.
Education: Arbo started his art education with a year at the Art School operated by Frederik Ferdinand Helsted (1809–1875) in Copenhagen 1851-1852. After this, he studied at the art academy in Dusselford. From 1853 to 1855 he studied under of Karl Ferdinand Sohn, professor of Kunstakademie Dusseldorf, and from 1857-1858 under J. E. Hünthen who was a battle and animal painter. At Düsseldorf he was for some time a private student of the history painter C. Mengelberg. He had contact with Adolph Tideman and became a good friend of Hans Gude both of whom were professors at the art academy in Düsseldorf. He is associated with the Dusseldorf school of painting.
In 1861 Arbo returned to Norway and the following year he went on a study trip together with Gude and Frederik Collett.
Achievements: In 1863 he painted the first version of Horse flock on the high mountains, a motif he later on took up again several times. The version from 1889 is at the National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design (Norwegian: Nasjonalmuseet for kunst, arkitektur og design) in Oslo and is considered one of the most important of his works.
In 1866 he was appointed a Knight of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olay and the Knight of Order of Vasa. He held numerous positions, including as a juror in Stockholm in 1866 and Philadelphia in 1876, and was Commissioner of the Viennese art department exhibition in 1873. He was also a member of the National Gallery Company from 1875 and director of the Christiania Art Society from 1882 until his death.