MODERNISM

Pablo Picasso 25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973

Pablo Picasso
25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973

 

Modernism:  The term Modernism applied retrospectively to the wide range of experimental and avant-garde trends in the arts that emerged from the middle of the 19th century, as artists rebelled against traditional Historicism, and later through 20th century as the necessity of an individual rejecting previous tradition, and by creating individual, original techniques.

Some prolific artists of Modernism are Pablo Picasso, best known for Cubism, Salvador Dali, a surrealist painter, the Dadaist Marcel Duchamp, Pointillist George Seurat, as well as artists like Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning and Piet Mondrian, famous abstract artists from the latter half of Modernism.

Most art historians agree that the French artist Edouard Manet (1832-1883) is the first Modernist painter, and that Modernism in art originated in the 1860s. Paintings such as his ‘Le Dejeuner sur l’Herbe’ are seen to have ushered in a new era, among the reasons being that its daring subject, a nude woman picnicking with a group of men attired in suits, was so startling.