Giuseppe Abbati (January 13, 1836 – February 21, 1868)
Style: Realism- Landscapes
Background: Son of Vincenzo Abbati, Neapolitan painter of interiors, he moved with his family first to Florence in 1842, then to Venice where he lived from 1846 to 1858.
Abbati died at the age of thirty-two in Florence after his own dog bit him, infecting him with rabies.
Education: Abbati was born in Naples and received early training in painting from his father Vincenzo. Then in 1850 he enrolled in the Accademia di Belle Arti where he studied under the guidance of Grigoletti and Bagnara. In Venice he met and frequently saw Stefano Ussi, Domenico Morelli, Vito D’Ancona and Telemaco Signorini, who had come in the city for a period of study.
While his early paintings were interiors, he quickly became attracted to the practice of painting landscapes en plein air. His activity as a painter was interrupted during 1866 when he enlisted again in the army for the Third Independence War, during which he was captured by the Austrians and held in Crotia.
Returning to civilian life at the end of the year, he moved to Castelnuovo della Misericordia and spent the final year of his life painting in the countryside.
Achievements: His paintings are characterized by a bold treatment of light effects. He often painted a luminous landscape scene as seen through the doorway of a darkened interior, as in the View from the Wine Cellar of Diego Martelli (1866). Some of his late landscapes are in the greatly elongated horizontal format often favored by the Macchiaioli.