Edwin Austin Abbey (April 1, 1852 – August 1, 1911)
Style: English Pre-Raphael
Background: Edwin Austin Abbey was an American artist, illustrator and painter. He flourished at the beginning of what is now referred to as the “golden age” of illustration.
Education: Abbey was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1852. He studied art at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts under Christian Schuessele. Abbey began as an illustrator, producing numerous illustrations and sketches for such magazines as Harper’s Weekly and Scribner’s Magazine.His illustrations began appearing in Harper’s Weekly at an early age: before Abbey was twenty years old. He moved to New York City in 1871.
Achievements: He moved to England in 1878 where he was made a full member of the Royal Academy in 1898. In 1902 he was chosen to paint the coronation of King Edward VII. It was the official painting of the occasion and, hence, resides at Buckingham Palace. In 1907 he declined an offer of knighthood in order to retain his U.S. citizenship. Friendly with other expatriate American artists, he summered at Broadway, Worcestershire, , England, where he painted and vacationed alongside John Singer Sargent at the home of Francis Davis Mullet.
Abbey was elected to the National Academy of Design and The American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 1937 Yale University became the home for a sizable collection of Abbey’s works, the result of a bequest from Abbey’s widow.